Roman period

The production of parchment in Tivoli, in the classical period, is attested by the ruins of a plant for the calcination of skins: the calcinarium, found in the area of Colle Nocello, within a roman villa.

Barbarian period

This craft did not stop during the difficult period of the barbarian invasions.

13th century

The sources at our disposal consist in the parchment manuscripts conserved in the ecclesiastical archives. In these we find reports of magistri (masters), including leatherworkers and shoemakers, pellipari and calšulari: the former are mentioned in 1207 and 1258, while the latter are cited in innumerable documents from the tenth century on.


To be able to evaluate the degree of development of trade and crafts in tivoli we need to await the statutes of 1305.

End of 14th century

The importance of Tivoli in commercial life found a kind of institutionalization in the creation of the Fair (Fiera).


The cadastral register of the district of San Paolo of 1467, apart from registering fourteen members of the guilds (artes) of the workers of iron, paper, cloths and spices, also lists a further twenty members of craft or retail trade corporations. Of all the (so to say) "minor" craft activities, the sectors that seem to have had the largest number of members were those of the working of leather and building.


Antonio del Re reported the presence of "three shops for [the production of] dressed leather, soles and parchment paper".


In the correspondence of Superiors we find references to skins, so it is probable that some production of parchment still continued in the town of Tivoli, by now famous for its production of paper.

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